Effects of Cooling Rate on the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Resistance of 6xxx Aluminium Alloy
The applicability of materials is highly dependent on its microstructure and mechanical properties. Aluminium alloy is being used extensively under diverse conditions. This study investigates the effects of cooling rate on the microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of 6xxx-series aluminium alloy. Aluminium ingot was melted in a muffle furnace and cast into rods. The cooling rate was controlled by holding the moulds at different temperatures. Â Microstructural characteristics were examined by optical microscopy. Mechanical properties such as impact strength, hardness, and tensile strength were analysed using standard methods. Corrosion resistance was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization. It was found that microstructures are dominated by ferrite and pearlite phases with different morphologies and grain sizes depending on the cooling rate. Â Increasing the cooling rate resulted in microstructural refinement and chemical homogeneity, improvement in mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the 6xxx alloy.
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